Saturday, May 23, 2020

The Negative Effects Of Media Violence In The Media

While viewing and looking at many articles about violence portrayed in the media, I noticed that many violent images in the media such as movies, videogames, and music have inspired people to commit large amounts of violent acts, such as committing assaults and murders. It is proven that children can he affected by the violence in media, when they are at a small age. When adults, some can be more aggressive than others, and some may commit more crimes than others. Over 1,000 case studies have proven that media violence can have negative effects on children. It increases aggressiveness and antisocial behavior, makes them less sensitive to violence and to victims of violence, and it increases their appetite for more†¦show more content†¦He has concluded that they went on their shooting rampage at Columbine High School after their parents took away their video game privileges. Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold had a video game addiction for years. They were addicted to watching the violence through their tv screens, and when that was taken away from them, they snapped. The violence in video games today is too much for a child. Yes, video game companies rate them specifically for one age, but does anyone really follow that? When you tune into the news, how many of their stories are actually good news, involving happy events? Most of them today involve burglaries and break ins, shootings, killings, deaths and so on. In reality, many believe that the media distorts crimes. Media, such as the news, gives the impression that crime is increasing, and becoming more violent than it already is. Wilson, B. (2012), also explains that violence portrayed in the media also has an affect on children, they start to develop fear and anxiety from the stories or images that are being portrayed. The media is very selective when it comes to what it wants to show. For example, an individual news channels can also choose what stories are told to the public. For example. Kathryn Steinle, who was 31 years old, and living in san francisco, and was out at lunch with her father, was fatally shot in the upper torso by an illegal immigrant. SheShow MoreRelatedNegative Effect on Media Sex and Violence3139 Words   |  13 PagesIt is literally known on media entertainment that sex and violence were there. Whereas people who enjoyed it will release their tensions and aggression . Highly sexual TV shows and intensely violent Web sites and video games may be affecting teenagers behavior, according to three studies published in  Pediatrics. Sex on TV and teen pregnancy.  A total of 2,003 teens (ages 12 to 17 years) were asked how often they watched 23 popular TV shows that portrayed passionate kissing, sexual talk, and sexualRead MoreEssay about Negative Effects of Media Violence on Children3872 Words   |  16 Pagesyouth violence with teens from the ages of twelve to eighteen. It is a controversial subject that is an increasingly rising with families and the in the government. Some people believe that the reason behind this national problem is because families are no longer a united unit and are not home to take responsibility of watching their children. There are others who believe that it is the influence of the media and technology. The issue this paper will examine whether youth violence has risenRead MoreMedia Violence And Its Effect On Society1184 Words   |  5 Pageshave begun to examine the negative effects of media violence. There is a debate on whether negative effects directly derive from media violence. Because media violence has been proven to have a negative effect on society, this essay will argue that there needs to be more censorship on media violence. I will first examine the influence media violence has on mass shootings. Next I will discuss a study relating to dating violence, certain movies and shows encourage dating violence. In conclusion, I willRead MoreWhat Is the Effect of Media Violence on Children1314 Words   |  6 PagesYasser Abdelaziz Ms. Williams English 1010-18 13, December 2010 The Effect of Media Violence on Children Although very little research was done on it in the past, media violence has sparked much controversy in recent history. As technology becomes more advanced, new methods of uncovering the media’s effects on children have emerged. Advances in Neuroscience, for example, can become tools to understanding the effects media violence has from a psychological standpoint. The brain in its underpinningsRead MoreMedia Violence And Its Effects1057 Words   |  5 Pages Media violence exposure has been investigated as a risk factor for aggression behavior for years. The impact of exposure to violence in the media the long term development and short term development of aggressive behavior has been documented. Aggression is caused by several factors, of which media violence is one. Research investigating the effects of media violence in conjunction with other predictors of aggression such as; environmental factors and dysfunction within the family household,Read MoreViolent Media Is Good For Kids1324 Words   |  6 PagesWhen it comes to the topic of violent media, some of us would readily agree it’s a controversial subject as to whether kids should or shouldn’t be exposed to it. This is because many children who view violent media react negatively rather than not being affected at all. Where this agreement usually ends, however, is on the question of what effects does it have on children. Whereas some are convinced that it is a hea lthy alternative for kids to express themselves, others maintain that it causes kidsRead MoreThe Influences Of Mass Media On Society864 Words   |  4 PagesThe Influences of Mass Media on Society For the greater majority of the American society, the presence of mass media is a normal part of everyday lives. With the purpose of mass media being to educate, entertain and inform, the excessive violence, self imaging, and lack of full detail on world events, is having negative influences and unhealthy impacts on society. As early as the 1920s, a form of the media has been present in the American society. Although broadcasted content wasRead MoreThe Effects Of Violence On Young Children981 Words   |  4 Pagesthroughout America spend countless hours on the media, such as watching television, playing video games, or listening to music. Most media in the world today contains immeasurable images of violence, and average total media use of children throughout the United States is nearly 8 hours per day (Bushman Anderson, 2001). This means that through this constant access to the media, young children are exposing themselves to countless images of graphic violence. This is a serious issue, as young childrenRead More Media Violence and Its Effects Essay709 Words   |  3 PagesThroughout decades, media have became one of the most powerful weapons in the world. As time passed, more and more varieties of media were shown, like television, magazines, and internet. From reporting the news to persuading us to buy certain products, media became the only connection between people and the world . But violence in media is shown everywhere, it is hard to turn on your media source and not find violence displayed on the screen, no matter its television, internet, print media, or even radioRead MoreMedia Violence and Its Effect on Children Essay1112 Words   |  5 Pagessociety that violence in the country is on the rise. It is easy to see why this is a strong argument among the American people, especially because of the rising popularity of violent video games and television programs. However, as these violent video games and television shows are creating their own place in our society, the reports of violence among children are escalating. This correlation has been studied extensively in the scientific community in an attempt to discover whether media violence does negatively

Monday, May 11, 2020

Review on Jurassic Park - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 9 Words: 2816 Downloads: 7 Date added: 2019/08/15 Category Cinematographic Art Essay Level High school Tags: Jurassic Park Essay Did you like this example? Jurassic Park is a science fiction adventure film directed by Steven Spielberg, produced by Kathleen Kennedy and Gerald R. Molen, was released on June 11, 1993. The movie is based on the book Jurassic Park by Michael Crichton. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Review on Jurassic Park" essay for you Create order Jurassic Park became the highest-grossing film in 1993 and became the 17th movie in history to exceed more than $1 billion in ticket sales. Jurassic Park won more than 20 awards, such as the Oscars in 1994, BAFTA Awards, 20/20 Awards for best visual effects and sound design. Jurassic Park box office performance made a gross income of $357,067,947 with a total of 2,566 theaters that played the movie and for the opening they made $47,026,828 with 2,404 theaters (IMDb, n.d.). The main characters in Jurassic Park are Dr. Alan Grant who is the paleontologists, John Hammond who is the owner of Jurassic Park and founder of InGen, Dr. Sattler who is a graduate studying under Grant and is a paleobotanist, Dr. Ian Malcom who is a mathematician and specializes in chaos theory, Lex and Tim Murphy who is Hammonds grandchildren, Dr. Lewis Dodgson who is Hammonds rival, John Arnold who is Jurassic Parks chief engineer, Donald Gennaro who is the attorney investigating the safety of the park, Dr. Harding who is the chief veterinarian, Robert Muldoon who is the game warden, Dennis Nedry who is the systems programmer and in charge of the computers, and Dr. Henry Wu who is the biotechnologists and chief geneticist and head of the team who created the dinosaurs. Through present perspectives of the year 1993, John Hammond, creator of Jurassic Park invites Dr. Malcolm, Dr. Grant, and Dr. Sattler to visit the park in Costa Rica and certify its safety due to a dinosaur handler being killed by a velociraptor to join himself and Donald Gennaro, the parks investors lawyer. Upon arriving the park, they were surprised to see a live dinosaur. John Hammond gives them a tour and shows them how dinosaurs are cloned via a process of a mosquito being stuck in amber and taking the blood from them and using DNA from frogs to fill in the gaps on genome. At this point, the doctors start stressing their concerns. Scientists believed they had the park and cloning of the dinosaurs under control with the idea that all dinosaurs are females. After lunch, the doctors were given a tour of the park with the company of John Hammonds grandchildren Lex and Tim Murphy. Initially on the tour they didnt see any dinosaurs but then they ran into a sick triceratops. Dr. Sattler decides to stay behind with Dr. Harding to treat the triceratops. Around the same time Dennis Nedry was preparing to sabotage the park by shutting down the security systems to steal dinosaur embryos for Hammonds corporate rival, Dodgson. When the power goes out, the TREX ends up escaping and attacks the group. Dr. Grant, Lex, and Tim end up escaping, but Donald gets killed by the TREX. Meanwhile Dennis Nedry attempts to deliver the embryos then gets killed by a Dilophosaurus. But later, when Dr. Grant, Lex, and Tim were trying to find their way back they saw dinosaur eggs that has already been hatched and they realized the frog DNA they have been using can change their sex in a single sex environment. Dr. Sattler and Muldoon finds Malcolm and returns to safet y and reactivates the security system, Muldoon ends up getting killed in the process. Dr. Grant, Lex, and Tim make it back to the visitor center, but the kids run into the raptors but ends up escaping when the Trex attacks the raptors. Dr. Grant, Dr. Sattler, Dr. Malcolm, Tim, Lex, and Hammond end up escaping in a helicopter and Hammond ends up shutting down the park. Depiction of Science Regarding to the actual scientific depiction of the brand and production of Jurassic Park, the movie includes science fields such as Molecular Biology, Genealogy and Paleontology. Molecular biology and genealogy is presented when showing the process of extracting blood from ancient mosquitoes stuck in amber and getting DNA from frogs to fill in the missing genome. Paleontology is presented in the scene where Dr. Grant and Dr. Sattler are at a site brushing off fossils. Science was also shown where they presented an animation video when given a tour of the process and lab informing the audience how the process works. The way this film was produced provided a very basic perspective of the scientific experimentation of what that they depicted to have occurred. The first initial contact with the friendly dinosaur before going through the park as well as the kid-like animation video with Mr. DNA sets a setting where it is a friendly oriented attraction not showing the real danger of what is yet to come and trying to come off as if what they are doing isnt wrong. Science was portrayed when they showed the scene of the doctors entering the lab with the scientists doing the extractions and processes displaying videos. The scientist manipulated the DNA by recreating lost sequences of dinosaur DNA and combing it with frogs DNA showing crossbreeding. In the movie, Dr. Sattler with the basic knowledge of mother nature, questioned how Hammond and everyone working for the company had any idea how an extinct ecosystem works and how they can control it. She explains how the plants in the building are poisonous, but they picked it because it was pretty, but they are aggressive living things and have no idea what century theyre in and they will defend themselves even violently if necessary (Jurassic Park, 1993). With molecular biology and genealogy displayed, it brought up many questions if this type of process was even capable of doing such a thing. Paleontologist, Dr. Bell stated, the problem with dinosaur DNA is how old it is, a minimum of 66 million years old. like all organic matter, DNA decays. Thats the biggest impediment to developing real world technologies. For modern genetic techniques to even have a chance at dinosaur DNA, we would need to retrieve and reassemble viable genetic code (McDonald, 2018). Jurassic park has advanced the science and technology of ancient DNA research with the scenes of showing the extraction mechanism. Before Jurassic Park was released, humans from older civilizations were interested about dinosaurs and were aware of the existence through fossil records. Jurassic Park was inspired from a research done in the 1980s where DNA was extracted from amber insects to extinct species (Jones, 2015). In 1993, researchers extracted and sequenced DNA from a 125-130 million-year-old ancient weevil in Lebanese amber, after it has been done the results werent posted until the day after Jurassic Park had been premiered and a day before it was released throughout the states which it was weirdly strange to other scientists and researches that it was timely coordinated (Jones, 2015). Michael Crichton created a screenplay about a Pterodactyl being cloned from an egg which gave Jurassic Parks original idea. Crichtons drafts have been rejected many times by his peers due to them not being able to relate to the character since Crichton wanted the story to be through the eyes of a child at Jurassic Park while dinosaurs escaped (Lightfoot, 2017). With hard work and dedication Crichton created a novel that inspired Jurassic Park to be created with science depiction being shown. Norms of Science Within the real world of science, there are also tends to be ethical normalitys. In the beginning of the movie Dr. Grant, Dr. Sattler, and Dr. Malcolm were skeptical from the very beginning. During lunch Dr. Malcolm talked about the ethics of dinosaurs gone extinct placing value in the scientific practice of cloning dinosaurs displaying scientific value. Dr. Malcolm questions and emphasizes Hammond about what he is doing with the park is wrong, genetic power is the most awesome force the planets ever seen, but you wield it like a kid thats found his dads gun. Malcolm explained how the scientists were preoccupied whether they can do such experiments without ever questioning themselves if they should even do it. He explained how dinosaurs had their time on earth and mother nature extinct them and it is wrong for them to artificially bring them back into the world. This isnt some species that was obliterated by deforestation, or the building of a dam. Dinosaurs had their shot and nature selected them for extinction (Jurassic Park, 1993) With this example, it shows the good side of science where Dr. Malcolm cares for the well-being of mother nature. Then you compare Dr. Malcolm to Dr. Wu who is the biotechnologist and is only concerned for monetary reasons and exploits the attraction with careless research and actions which shows the negative side of science. Jurassic Park promotes both Mertonian norms of science and Mitroffs counter norms of science. Mertonian norms of science is based on: communalism which scientific discoveries are not owned but shared, universalism which scientific finding are universal, disinterestedness when scientists are selflessly doing science to understand the world, originality, and skepticism when anyone can make claims. An example of Mertonian norms is Jurassic Park is when Dr. Sattler stayed with Dr. Harding to treat the sick Triceratops by being doing a selfless act for her to understand what the problem is and how she might be able to help solve it. Dr. Grant, Dr. Sattler, and Dr. Malcolm demonstrate Mertonian norms when they question Hammond to the fact that he hid all this information of what he was doing until almost being done with the park also caring for the human well beings and nature. During lunch, Dr. Grant questioned Hammond as well asking how they know what they should even expect due to two s pecies, dinosaur and man, being separated for more than 60 million years of evolution and it all the sudden being thrown back into the world together showing skepticism. Mitroffs counter norms of science is based on: solitariness, particularism, interestedness, and organized dogmatism which means believing in their own work while doubting other scientists. An example of Mitroffs counter norms is when Dr. Wu and other scientists believed they had everything under control and were confident of their experiments. Later in Jurassic Park, it shows a scene where Dr. Grant, Lex, and Tim discover dinosaur eggs hatched proving that the scientists didnt know that the frog they were extracting DNA from can change sex in a single sex environment. Dr. Wu insisted on speeding up the process instead of waiting for the full genomes. Messing and altering with science can lead to the most unpredictable amount of risks. Instead of taking precautions, they were more concerned with making money by exploiting the attraction instead of humans safety. It makes us question what the scientists doing the experimentations ethical values are. Other example is when Nedry stole th e dinosaurs embryo to sell it to Hammonds corporate rival and Hammond was abusing the park for money for peoples leisure by selling merchandise. They created the park wanting to get customers to come quickly as possible and sacrificed safety, creating it for all the wrong reasons. Impact on Audiences Jurassic Park impacted public perception of science and scientists by creating an image for the scientists doing the experiments as the bad side of science and scientists such as Dr. Grant, Malcolm, and Sattler as the good side of science showing concerns that they have. Scientists are stereotyped as clever or diligent, but also as socially incompetent or dangerous, portrayed by Dr. Wu and Nedry. This can lead to an example of depict science careers, discouraging people of young age any interest in science (Losh, 2009). Jurassic Park teaches the audience that science cant be bet on and expect economic gain out of return. It gives the ability to sense and avoid harmful environmental conditions and is necessary for the survival of all organisms. At the end of the movie you realize that science can be very dangerous when trying to alter it since it the park was made out to be a safe, family-oriented attraction. People could allow attraction to the environment and respond to it, which ca n create and reduce risks. Researches have yet to discover what people mean when they something is or is not risky and determining what factors led to those perceptions such as when Dr. Wu believed that all the dinosaurs were female (Slovic, 1987). The movie itself can affect the audience perception and views differently depending on their ages. Jack Horner who was the advisor for the movie said that the movie caused a kid-level-excitement for adults but could be viewed differently for children 10 and under. Children ages between 10 and 13 would be able to handle this type of sci-fi film but children under ages of 10 shouldnt be allowed due to not knowing the difference and knowledge between fantasy and reality said by Dr. Kaplan, former chair women of the American Psychiatric Associations Committee on family violence and sexual abuse (Weintraub, 1993). Perception of risk observes the decisions people make when being asked to describe and evaluate risky activities and technologies (Slovic, 1987). Taking children under the age of 10 can harmfully impact the children if the parents dont talk to them afterwards lessening their fears. I remember watching the movie at a young age, I did have some negative thoughts on what scientists can do and that dinosaurs can be brought back into life and everyone would be eaten. It was reported that 74% of the audience was 18-49 years old and 2% was 8 years old or under. Dr. Lieberman, heads the National Coalition on Television Violence stated that it was negligent for marketers to target children and seek money from them such as lunchboxes, pillowcases, sleeping bags, temporary tattoos, etc. It doesnt make sense to be selling and directing merchandise to children, but the movie was rated PG-13 aiming for children 13 or older to see it. Throughout the movie, it can influence humans thoughts on what might and might not happen in the future. Educated people will think its fake and undereducated people might think they there is possibility of this experiment in the future. A scientist had negative thoughts on the movie and said, it raised expectations about DNA and what ancient DNA could do. Unfortunately, because a great director made it, its a film that can stick to peoples minds. Another scientist believed Jurassic Park diminishes and creates the idea to the public about DNA research, when I give a talk about ancient DNA, they put up a poster and it has a dinosaur on it. Ive objected. Ive said, There is no dinosaur DNA, you should not show the dinosaur, its a bad influence (Jones, 2015). With science in entertainment media it can cause promotion of science ethics and values and illustrating science in unrealistic ways. Jurassic Park can provoke valid conservations among the public such as leading geneticists to wond ering if it was probable to resuscitate extinct species by cloning their DNA (McDonald, 2018). In the article Sci-fi and Jurassic Park have driven research, scientists say, they stated, Jurassic Park created a new generation of geeky but glamorous scientists. One researcher said, ancient DNA sounds cool or sounds like it should be cool. It brings you back to Jurassic Park and is still a legacy. Thats when it entered the popular consciousness (Jones, 2015). Jurassic Park created an impactful memory to the audience and led to the creation of other Jurassic movies. My Take Once I was able to watch the movie, along with absorbing information from the responses of society and real-world scientist, I concluded my honest opinion of what is right and wrong. Jurassic Park doesnt necessarily show the depiction of science itself but instead what can happen if science is used for the wrong reasons, but because them showing this they portrayed it well. I believe Jurassic Park could have showed more of the science itself, emphasizing more on the cloning and extracting process as well as the creation of Jurassic Park. If I could make some changes to the film to enhance the quality of the plot as well as the accuracy science depicted, I would add an armed military base located on the island just in case anything wrong can happen such as the TREX and Velociraptors attacking the people. I also think security and safety should have been stricter. With the scientists knowing the capabilities of certain dinosaurs I thought it was foolish for them to create velociraptors because theyre not easy to manipulate and the whole reason they created the park was because they believed they had everything under control. Jurassic Park is a classic movie that left a legacy on the audience, that makes people question our motivation for de-extinction. With the release of other Jurassic movies, it centers the debate over science or sensation (Jones, 2015). I believe that Jurassic Park will forever hold an impactful memory to the audience with its visual and sound effects leaving a mark that no one will ever forget.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Study of Theatre’s -isms Free Essays

The only form of theatre known before realism was romanticism so the world was very scared to accept the new, scary kind of plays. Especially considering that the new style was not always perfect and nice, but sometimes sad and disappointing. Realism didn’t really catch on so only 20 years later, naturalism was formed. We will write a custom essay sample on Study of Theatre’s -isms or any similar topic only for you Order Now Unfortunately, naturalism did not do so well either. In the 18805-1 9005, symbolism started to appear. This was a very significant step in the life of theatre and is still very often used today. The creators of homeboys believed that reality can only be expressed indirectly and through symbols. They used many medieval symbols and religious paintings in their plays as well as allegorical signs. Around the same time period is when impressionism made it’s short appearance. This movement was primarily seen in the set designs because it was believed that â€Å"artist is affected internally through external reality†. Oftentimes in plays today, you will notice a certain painting or color in the background of the set that looks random but always has a deeper, much more interesting reasoning. This all started in the asses with symbolisms and impressionism! In the years 1916-1924 is when theatre started to become more†¦ Artsy. This is when dada and surrealism became genres. Both of these focused on what was unusual and different to the audience. Dada started as a reaction to the First World War. The word â€Å"dada† itself is a made up word that means nothing. It was sought to outrage the audience into action. Sets and costumes often looked blurred together like a big mess – or they were just completely outrageous. Similarly, surrealism said that art must transcend reality by ding all arts into one single vision that suggests a harmony. Many times, there would be what seems like way too much on stage or on a costume but in surrealism, somehow it always blends together peacefully. Surrealism seems to be, in many ways, the most preceding of the -isms because of how prominent it still is in theatre and film. Through all of my research, have learned that theatre today is nowhere close to what is was when first created. Am sure that in the next years, theatre will continue to change even more and I cannot wait to see where it ends up when my children are my age! How to cite Study of Theatre’s -isms, Papers

Thursday, April 30, 2020

The Conflict Between Christendom And Islam Essays - Christianization

The Conflict Between Christendom And Islam Since Islam came into being, it has clashed numerously with the already established Christianity. Their rivalry has never ceased until today. Modern Examples would be Bosnia and Lebanon. There were not only military clashes but political as well as economical. Although, the rivalry was incredibly intense, ironically, Arab or Islamic culture managed to severely influence the Christian kingdoms. However, Christianity used all the advantages provided by Islam to their advantage and through that they managed to keep the Arabs at bay. Islamic civilization and its rise were thanks to one man and that is the last prophet, Prophet Muhammad. Islam came into being in 622AD and it was the last of the great civilizations. Islam managed to push the Arabs into a new kind of community, which at the same time spread far beyond Arabia, Persians, Indians, North African countries and parts of Europe came under its domination. The Arabs managed to capture most of the most powerful economic areas. In the Mediterranean their navy conquered Cyprus and crippled Byzantine sea power. They first clashed with the Christians when they tried to besiege Constantinople. In 711 they started their raids into Spain and in 716 they conquered it. They tried to conquer France but the Franks under the leader Charles Martel handed the Arabs their first defeat. From the end of the 7th century till the middle of the 11th, the Mediterranean remained something of a Muslim lake and western trade with East Asia wasn't cut off during these centuries, it was significantly diminished and carried on in awareness of Muslim dominance. ( Craig, Graham, Kagan, Turner, The heritage of western civ. Pp323) In the early Middle Ages the main power in Europe was always the Pope and later in the 700's it was shared with Charlemagne. The combination of these two managed to keep the Arab invasions at bay. But the Christians did benefit with their contact with Islamic culture. The aggressiveness of the Arabs forced western Europeans to rely on their own resources and to develop their own heritage and culture. By diverting the focus and energy's of the Byzantine Empire, the Arabs prevented it from expanding into Western Europe allowing the Franks and the Lombargs to gain power. And by controlling their Mediterranean Western access to eastern trade and cultural influence was diminished. There was also a lot of creative interchange between these two cultures. The Arab civilization taught western farmers irrigation, the tanning of leather, refinition of silk and educated their scholars. Down to the 16th century the basic gynecological and childcare manuals were compilations of the famous Iranian Islamic scholars physician and philosophers like Razi, Kharazmi and Ibm-Sina were still utilized. These scholars made some of the greatest discoveries. For example Kharazmi discovered the significance of alcohol in medications. ( Cargill, Menzont, Interaction of civ. Pp 561) Relations between the two during those times were not always antagonistic. In 802 Charlemagne received, from the caliph, Harun-al-Rashid, a white elephant. In truth the Christians made not only a great amount of wealth of their contacts with the Arabs with a whole deal of knowledge which led to their ascendancy of power during the Renaissance years. Civilization in Western Europe gained much more than it could have ever before. Another fact about the Islamic civilization was that they were quite a tolerant and practical race. Their tolerance of certain religions like the Jews provided more distaste between the Christians and themselves. This was an antagonism between the two until recently when the Arabs revolted against the new state of Israel. ( Jacobs, Fisher, Einzholdt, Islamic Heritage, Pp 192) There were times when Islamic culture actually managed to influence not only the culture but the religion of the Christians as well. For instance, during the siege of Constantinople in 730 when Leo III managed to repulse the invaders he also got ideas to change certain parts of the Christian religion. He forebade the use of images in Eastern churches and tried to enforce the ban in the West, even though his efforts insulted the Western churches. ( www. UCLA /index/essays/Islam/index.com ) In 1071, the Byzantine Empire was handed a major defeat by the Muslim Seljuq Turks

Saturday, March 21, 2020

Expert Review The Official ACT Prep Guide

Expert Review The Official ACT Prep Guide SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips Looking for official ACT practice? The Official ACT Prep Guide is a great resource. In this article, I'll provide a review of the current Official ACT Prep Guide, including positives and negatives of the new guide, how it differs from The Real ACT Prep Guide (3rd Edition), and whether or not you should buy it to help you through the study process. What’s in The Official ACT Prep Guide? The book is organized into five parts, which each are further divided into smaller chapters. The five parts of the book are: Part One: Getting Acquainted with the ACT Test (general study strategies and test-taking tips, explanation of the format and what’s covered on the test) Part Two: Taking and Evaluating Your First Practice Test (diagnostic practice test along with an explanation of how to use your results to identify weak areas) Part Three: Improving Your Score (test-taking strategies for each section of the exam) Part Four: Taking Additional Practice Tests (two additional practice tests for you to take after you’ve evaluated your mistakes and done more prep) Part Five: Moving Forward to Test Day (shows you how to sign up for the test and what to expect on test day) There are five full practice tests included in this guide, counting the initial practice test that you'll use to diagnose your mistakes in part two. The online bonus content includes 400 extra official ACT practice questions (100 each for English, Math, Reading, and Science). In the next section, I'll go through my full review of the book with extensive details on its strengths and weaknesses. The Official ACT Prep Guide Review There are many reasons to like or dislike this version of the Red Book. I'll start with the positive attributes of the guide and move onto its not-so-awesome qualities. Pros Smart Overall Structure The order of the chapters in the book corresponds to when you should take each step in the review and testing process. This book understands that the best way to guarantee improvement over time is to take a practice test, evaluate your mistakes, study the content that's relevant to your mistakes, and take another practice test to see if you’ve improved. You'll learn exactly how to begin studying and which steps you should take along the way to make sure you’re improving. Good Advice on Scores and What They Mean The guide walks you through scoring your practice tests accurately, and it gives you a table of percentiles so you can see how your scores compare to those of other students. It also does a good job of explaining how to judge your scores based on where you plan on applying to college and how much you improve from test to test. Learning to set appropriate goals is a huge aspect of studying for standardized tests that can be overlooked in some prep books. Abundant Test-Taking Tips There are many test-taking tips for each section of the ACT included in this book. Some tips can seem a bit repetitive (sometimes it seems like they’re just filling up space), but most are solid pieces of advice. For ACT English, helpful tips listed in the book include considering the context of the question before choosing an answer, rereading the sentence using the answer you've selected, exercising caution with two part questions, and paying attention to the writing style. Cons Dull Style This guide is dryly written, with little in the way of images, graphics, or differentiated headings to break up the text. There are sporadic efforts to be more engaging, but it’s definitely not the most student-friendly prep guide. Adding to this, Part 1 has an overview of the test that includes long lists of concepts covered by each section that could be condensed. The book makes the test seem way too intimidating and overwhelming (more on this in the next point). Complicates the Material While it's great that there are abundant test-taking tips included in this book, they aren't always presented in the best way. The tips are a bit hard to digest and use in practice on the test. While question examples are given to show how the tips work in some cases, these examples are not as abundant as they should be. This book falls short specifically in demystifying the science section. The main issue with this section for most students is that it looks super intimidating, and it's easy to feel overwhelmed. To overcome this, you need to learn to pick out the most important details and ignore extra information that’s just there to distract you. This guide makes the science section look scarier and more â€Å"sciencey† even though in reality it’s more about reading comprehension than scientific knowledge. Answer Explanations are Lacking Math and science question explanations are laid out in a way that makes them confusing and difficult to think through. Here's an example of what the answer explanations for math questions look like: As you can see, there are rarely any images to guide you in your understanding or even much room for the text to breathe at all. Everything starts to blur together into a mass of unintelligible math-like word goop. If you're already having trouble with the Math section, these sorts of answer explanations probably won't clear things up. The guide also makes some assumptions about how much you know about the content. If you didn't even understand where to begin in answering these math questions, the answer explanations provided aren't too enlightening. It would be helpful if they at least indicated the page in the book where you could find additional details on how to solve these types of problems. Not Enough Guidance on Understanding Mistakes The book tells you how to understand your mistakes, but it could have a more consolidated system to help you go through and diagnose them. An organized chart where you could record your findings would be better than just saying "put a checkmark next to the mistakes you made" and listing potential mistakes for each section. There are also no direct actionables that go along with each type of mistake. The guide doesn’t tell you which page to turn to if you have a certain problem. It would be great to know where to find advice that corresponds to the errors you made in each section. The tips for the Reading section also don’t elaborate on different ways to approach passages, which can be a huge problem for people on that section and should be addressed more comprehensively. It would be a shame to burrow down into your mistakes only to reach a dead end. Should You Get This Guide? You should get this book if you’re new to the ACT. It's a thorough summary of everything you need to know about the most up-to-date version of the test, even if has its imperfections. If you need additional practice materials, you may also choose to buy the 3rd Edition as a supplement (though don't use the old Writing prompts to practice your essays because they’ve changed significantly). Keep in mind that many of the questions from the fourth and fifth practice tests in the 3rd Edition were transferred over to the third practice test in the new edition. The first three tests will be the most useful for practice in that case. You also could decide to get the Official ACT Prep Guide book if you want to practice your essay-writing skills using new prompts that align with the current version of the ACT. There haven't been many official ACT essay prompts publicly released, and if you're struggling with the essay, four extra prompts to practice with could prove extremely valuable. If you're confident about self-guided studying and are just looking for more practice questions, it might be worth getting the new ACT prep book. The addition of the fourth practice test in this addition is valuable, since there aren't that many full, publicly released official ACT practice tests out there. However, there still isn't that much material, and almost all of it is recycled from previous tests. An alternative would be to get the 3rd Edition, which has more original practice materials, and supplement it with free online resources (particularly for ACT Writing). The third practice test in this guide is the rebellious twin of the last two practice tests in the 3rd Edition. It may have changed its hairstyle, but the same DNA is still there. Side note: If anyone had natural eyelashes that were this long, it would be a truly terrifying sight to behold. How to Get the Most Out of The Official ACT Prep Guide The best way to ensure that you're getting the most out of the guide is to go through it in chronological order. First, read the basic tips in chapter two so you can get a handle on the basics of how the test works. Then, take the first practice test and go through your mistakes. Go on to use the content sections of the book and any other resources on hand to study the areas that need the most work. When you feel that you've addressed your mistakes and are confident that your results will reflect your newfound expertise, take a second practice test to see if you've made significant improvements. Note that the most recent version of The ACT Black Book, a resource that we recommend alongside the Official ACT Prep Guide for the best strategic test-taking advice, is tailored to the practice questions in an older version of the guide. The main upshot of this is that there are no answer explanations in the Black Book for questions in the fourth practice test of The Official ACT Prep Guide (since previous additions did not have this test). The tips can still be helpful, but this is something to keep in mind so you aren't confused when you can't match questions to explanations using the newest Black Book and Official ACT Prep Guide editions. What's Next? Not sure what score you should be aiming for on the ACT? Learn how to calculate a target score that makes sense based on your college goals. Did your ACT test date sneak up on you? Check out our 10-day prep plan for advice on how to cram for the ACT and potentially raise your score by four composite points! If you still have quite a bit of time before the test, read this guide on how long you should study for the ACT so you can come up with a solid study schedule. Want to improve your ACT score by 4 points? Check out our best-in-class online ACT prep program. We guarantee your money back if you don't improve your ACT score by 4 points or more. Our program is entirely online, and it customizes your prep program to your strengths and weaknesses. We also have expert instructors who can grade every one of your practice ACT essays, giving feedback on how to improve your score. Check out our 5-day free trial:

Thursday, March 5, 2020

Might, May, and Can

Might, May, and Can Might, May, and Can Might, May, and Can By Jacquelyn Landis Most writers use may and might interchangeably: I may go to the library to work on my term paper. I might go to the library to work on my term paper. Is there a difference? There is, but it’s slight. May suggests a possibility that an action will occur, while might suggests a slightly smaller possibility. So if I say that I may go to the library, there’s a reasonably good chance that it’s on my agenda. But if I say that I might go, the odds that I will aren’t quite as good. The distinction between the two is sufficiently fine that it’s not something writers need to obsess about. However, when referring to something in the past, the rules get tighter. The past tense of may is might. She might have left a message on my voice mail. (Not she may have) From time to time, writers also struggle with the difference between may and can. The difference here is more pronounced. May expresses permission, while can expresses ability. Moms everywhere are notorious for emphasizing this particular grammatical difference. Question: Mom, can I paint my bedroom walls black? Answer: I’m sure you can, but you may not. In informal speech (including dialogue in fiction), we have slipped into using can when may would be more appropriate. In truth, strict adherence to the difference between the two can seem a little prissy at times. Still, it’s a valid distinction that writers should strive to apply when it makes sense. Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Misused Words category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:20 Types and Forms of Humor16 Misquoted Quotations5 Examples of Insufficient Hyphenation

Monday, February 17, 2020

The Impact Of Globalization On The Multinational Corporations Essay

The Impact Of Globalization On The Multinational Corporations - Essay Example Plenty of definitions were given to globalization by different scholars. In any case, it is a fact that globalization has influenced most of the life segments of human being at present. The things happening in one part of the world has the capacity to affect the life of people in other parts of the world because of globalization. According to Lieber and Weisberg (2002), globalization helps people all over the world in the creation of a stronger and stable world (Lieber and Weisberg, 2002, p274).Global wealth is currently shifting from less heavily populated American and European regions to the more heavily populated Asian region at present because of globalization. The world's tallest building is now in Dubai. The largest publicly traded company is in China. The largest passenger airplane is built in Europe. The biggest movie industry is India's Bollywood, not Hollywood. And in the most recent Forbes rankings, only two of the world's 10 richest people are American (Zakaria, 2008, p.1 98). Business is one segment in which globalization brought revolutionary changes. Current market is heavily globalized because of globalization. Most of the prominent organizations in the world are currently operating internationally or cross culturally. Politics, economics, and religious or cultural beliefs are not causing any barrier in preventing the growth of international business. Offshoring and outsourcing like business concepts evolved out because of globalization. Multinational companies are utilizing these business concepts judiciously to make profits. The concepts such as Free trade, regional trade blocs etc are helping MNC’s immensely in spreading their business to overseas countries. Foreign Direct investment or FDI is encouraged by all countries as part of their economic reformation activities. All these favourable business climates are helping MNCs in operating cross culturally at present. This paper reviews the literatures to know the impact of globalization upon MNCs. Literature Review: The impact of globalization on multinational corporations Globalization has impacted MNCs both positively and negatively. Most of the prominent companies in this world were struggling for expansion before the introduction of globalization. For example, Starbucks is a company which is struggling to expand in America because of their excessive number of coffee shops everywhere in America. American market was saturated for Starbucks and they were looking for opportunities in global market. â€Å"While Starbucks was very successful in its domestic market, the leaders of the company knew they would have to exploit globalization and expand the company to foreign markets to fully utilize the potential that the company had.   In 2003, Starbucks quickly expanded into foreign markets and began to evolve into the world-wide company we know today†(Hart, 2011). At present, Starbucks is accumulating more revenue from international market than from American m arket. Robinson (2003) has pointed out that globalization helps the world to develop transnational capital (Robinson, p.12). The presence of transnational is operating globally with the help of transnational capital. Prominent automobile manufacturers are currently offshoring their manufacturing operations to cheap labour oriented countries such as India and China to reduce manufacturing cost. It is difficult for an American made vehicle to compete effectively with a Korean or Indian made vehicle in terms of price. Price wars are getting intensified in the automobile sector in recent times and hence the profit percentages of the automakers are coming down drastically. Governments in different countries have already formulated implemented